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CEEES Publication No 6 - Natural and Artificial Ageing of Polymers 2nd European Weathering Symposium, ISBN 3-9808382-9-3


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This book was compiled from papers given at the 2nd European Weathering Symposium held in Gothenburg in June 2005. The hard backed book was published by GUS in 2005 and comprises 387 pages.

Launched in 1967 by four relevant institutes from Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Yugoslavia, the Colloquia of Danubian Countries have been the only independent meeting - meanwhile Europe-wide - in the field of natural and artificial weathering of polymers for nearly 40 years. In the tradition of these colloquia the EWS is a meeting point for experts from industry and academy to learn from each other.

CONTENT

Introduction

Artificial Weathering - Where are we?
P. Trubiroha, Berlin, Chairman of the Scientific Committee.

Weathering of Plastics

Weathering of Polymeric Products
E. Pohle, L. Kranner, ofi-Research Institute for Chemistry and Technology, Vienna, Austria.

Test Method Development for Outdoor Exposure and Accelerated Weathering of Plastic Siding Specimens
J. P. Quill, E. T. Everett, Q-Panel Lab Products, Cleveland, Ohio, USA P. Ledgerwood, Americhem, Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, USA

Agricultural Films Duration under Accelerated and Natural Weathering
E. Espi, A. Salmerón, A. Fontecha, Y. Garcia, A. I. Real, Repsol YPF, Móstoles (Madrid), Spain

Weathering of Coatings

The Southern Florida Acid Rain Test
U. Schulz, A. Geburtig, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, BAM, Berlin, Germany M. Crewdson, J. Stephenson, Q-Lab Weathering Research Service, Homestead, Florida, USA.

Using Chemiluminescence as Sensitive Detector of Early Stages Weathering Effects on Car Coatings to Shorten Weathering Tests
V. Wachtendorf, A. Geburtig, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, BAM, Berlin, Germany.

Innovative Measurement Methodology in Quality Assessment of Coatings
K. Möller, A. Bäckman, B. Carlsson, M. Palm, SP Swedish National Testing and Research Institute, Borås, Sweden S. Al-Malaika, H. Sheena, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom D. Kockott, Atlas-MTT BV, Lochem, The Netherlands B. Dawid, W. Kortmann, BYK-Chemie, Wesel, Germany K. Bechtold, J. Simonin, Clariant, Huningue, France M. Hilt, DaimlerChrysler, Sindelfingen, Germany J. Domnick, D. Michels, Fraunhofer IPA, Stuttgart, Germany A. Nagel, M. Wunsch, PPG, Ingersheim, Germany K. H. Wernstål, Volvo Car Corporation, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Fundamental Investigations

Black Standard and White Standard Sensors for Natural Weathering
A. Schönlein, ATLAS Material Testing Technology GmbH, Linsengericht-Altenhaßlau, Germany.

The Law of Reciprocity Applied to High Radiant Flux Weathering Studies
J. Chin, T. Nguyen, E. Byrd, J. Martin, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.

Characterization of the Relationship between Light Intensity and Degradation Rate for Weathering Durability
H. K. Hardcastle, Atlas Material Testing Technology LLC, Miami, Florida, USA.

Reference Materials and Procedures

Temperature Sensitivity of Reference Materials Used in Weathering Tests
J. Boxhammer, Scientific Consultant for Atlas MTT, Dieburg, Germany

UV-sensitive Weathering Reference Materials
A. Geburtig, V. Wachtendorf, Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, BAM, Berlin, Germany P. Trubiroha, Berlin, Germany Y. Takane, Japan Weathering Test Center, Choshi City, Chiba, Japan

A Statistical Determination of Uniformity in Xenon Exposure Chambers
S. A. Lipscomb, Atlas MTT LLC, Chicago, Illinois, USA

Stabilization of Polymers

Interaction of Hindered Amine Light Stabilizers (HALS) and ULTRA Violet Light Absorbers (UVA)
Y. Ohkatsu, H. Takenaka, Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kogakuin University, Tokyo, Japan.

Effect of Weathering Components on Efficiency and Durability of Photostabilizers in Polymers
J. Pospísil, J. Pilar, S. Nespurek, Z. Krulis, Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic W. Habicher Institute of Organic Chemistry, Technical University Dresden, Dresden, Germany.

Natural Antioxidants
Y. Ohkatsu, T. Satoh, F. Sakurai, Kogakuin University, Faculty of Engineering, Tokyo, Japan.

Life Time Prediction

Lifetime Prediction in Polymer Climatic Ageing - Comparison of two Distinct Approaches
L. Audouin, X. Colin, B. Fayolle, J. Verdu, ENSAM, Paris, France.

Weathering of Polymers: Problems Encountering Weathering Assessment as a Tool for Lifetime Prediction
J. Pospís`´il, J. Pilar`´, A. Marek, S. Nes`´pu° rek, Z. Horák Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic Prague, Czech Republic.

Use of Locally Weighted Regression Method for Estimation of Service Life from Tensile Testing of Weathered Polymers
O. Guseva, Swiss Federal Laboratory for Materials Testing and Research, Dübendorf, Switzerland A. Lichtblau, Clariant GmbH, Gersthofen, Germany.

New Methods

Case Study Application of the Reliability based Methodology
J. W. Martin, W. J. Rossiter, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.

Light Ageing of Groundwood Paper Investigated by Chemiluminescence Method
L. Matisova-Rychlá, J. Rychly´, Polymer-Institute, Centre of Excellence for Degradation of Biopolymers, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic V. Bukovsky, Slovak National Library, Martin, Slovak Republic.

Assessment of Service Life of some Passive Solar Thermal Materials
B. Carlsson, K. Möller, SP Swedish National Testing and Research Institute, Borås, Sweden S. Brunold, SPF Hochschule Rapperswil, Rapperswil, Switzerland A. Gombert, M. Heck, M. Köhl, Fraunhofer ISE, Freiburg, Germany M. Hall, A. Roos, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden M. Ghaleb, CSTB, Saint Martin d’Heres, France G. Jorgensen, NREL, Golden Colorado, USA B. Karlsson, Vattenfall Utvecklings AB, Ävkarleby, Sweden M. Lopes Prates, INETI, Lisbon, Portugal M. Zinzi, ENEA, Rome, Italy.

Analysis of Polymer Degradation

Fade Resistance of Lithographic Inks: A New Path Forward Real World Exposures in Florida and Arizona Compared to Accelerated Xenon Arc Exposures
J. P. Quill, Q-Panel Lab Products, Cleveland, Ohio, USA J. Lind, Graphic Arts Technical Foundation, Sewickley, Pennsylvania, USA J. Stack, National Institute for Occupational Safety & Health, USA.

Surface Analysis of ABS Injection Moldings Degraded by Outdoor Exposure Test
M. Mizoguchi, T. Kuriyama, Yamagata University, Faculty of Engineering, Yamagata, Japan M. Saito, Y. Kishima, Daipla Wintes Ltd., Omiya, Saitama, Japan.

UV Degradability of Aryl-substituted Polysilylenes
I. Kuritka, F. Schauer, P. Sáha, Tomas Bata University, Faculty of Technology, Zlin, Czech Republic S. Nes`´pu° rek, Academy of Science, Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Prague, Czech Republic.

Poster Session

Degradation of Poly[methyl(phenyl)silylene] cathodoluminescence
P. Horák, P. Schauer, Institute of Scientific Instruments AS CR, Brno, Czech Republic.

Accelerated Thermal Ageing of Polypropylene Fibers under High Oxygen Pressure in Aqueous Media - Methodological Aspects
E. Richaud, F. Farcas, Laboratoire Central des Pont et Chaussées, Paris, France B. Fayolle, L. Audouin, J. Verdu, Laboratoire de Transformation et de Vieillissement des Polymères, Paris, France.

Degradation of Poly(ethylene-oxide)-based Thermal Energy Storage Materials
K. Pielichowski, K. Flejtuch, Dept. of Chemistry and Technology of Polymers, Cracow University of Technology, Cracow, Poland.

Thermal Ageing of Polyoxymethylene (POM)
M. Bastard, B. Fayolle, L. Audouin, J. Verdu LTVP-ENSAM, Paris, France D. Piccoz, A. Quemin AREVA T&D, Mâcon, France.

Effect of Stabilizers on Ageing Polypropylene under High Oxygen Pressure
E. Richaud, F. Farcas, Laboratoire Central des Pont et Chaussées, Paris, France.
B. Fayolle, Laboratoire de Transformation et de Vieillissement des Polymères, Paris, France.

Variation of Water Absorption as a Parameter of Ageing of Painted Façade Rendering
R. Norvasiene, A. Burlingis, V. Stankevicius Kaunas University of Technology, Institute of Architecture and Construction, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Evaluation of Ageing Properties of Polymer Modified Bitumen
V. Rek, N. Vranjes`´, Z. M. Barjaktarovic, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Zagreb, Croatia.

Reactivities of HALS Nitrosonium
Y. Ohkatsu, K. Banno, Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kogakuin University, Tokyo, Japan.

Weathering Research and Testing at SP
I. Jakubowicz, SP, Borås, Sweden.

Test Equipment and Services
S.-A. Bylander, Chromocol, Borås, Sweden.


CEEES is a confederation of the environmental engineering societies of

the United Kingdom (SEE),
France (ASTE),
Germany (GUS),
Sweden (SEES),
Switzerland (SSEE),
Finland (KOTEL),
Belgium (BSMEE),
the Netherlands (PLOT),
Italy (AITPA),
Czech Republic (NACEI)
Austria (ÖGUS)
&
Portugal (SOPSAR)