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CEEES Publication No 7 - CEEES Publication No. 7: 18th EFCA International Symposium "Ultrafine Particles – Key in the Issue of Particulate Matter?" ISBN 978-3-923704-60-6


The proceedings were published by Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe FZK in form of a CD ROM.

Particulate Matter (PM) has in the last two decades developed into what is probably the most prominent atmospheric pollutant, as it not only induces adverse health effects but also significantly influences the Earth’s climate. This has led to legislation aimed at reducing the burden of PM10 in the atmosphere; and subsequently the focus of European policymakers is directed towards its smaller fraction, PM2.5, on the suggestion that these are predominantly responsible for observed health risks.

When addressing the PM issue it should be kept in mind that particles arise or reach the atmosphere through a chain of events which often starts on a molecular scale and includes nucleation, coagulation, adsorption and growth, while they are also subject to chemical transitions at the surface and inside the particle and influenced by electrostatic forces and catalysts.

More recently, the question has been raised whether even smaller fractions (Ultrafine Particles, UFP; PM1) could, due to their abundance in numbers, have a major share in observed health and climate effects. This has also generated a need for more detailed information on the formation of PM, its emission and effects on the atmosphere and on techniques to prevent emission into the atmosphere.


Identification and Characterization of PM Sources

Air pollution sources apportionment in a French urban site.
Guegan /Chavent / Patouille, ARCANE, France.

PM 1 Concentration Levels and related Number Concentrations in Milan.
Ozgen/Lonati/Giugliano, Politecnico di Milano, Italy.

Characterization and Effects of Etna Volcanic Ash.
Ferrante/Fallico/e.a., University of Catania, Italy.

Rettenmoser e.a., GRIMM Aerosol Technik, Germany.

Biological and Health Effects

Health Effects due to Fine and Ultra Fine Particles
Diabaté, FZK, Germany.

Cardiovascular Effects of Inhaled Ultra Fine Particles in Human Volunteers
Gerlofs-Nijland e.a., RIVM, NL.

Systemic Effects of Inhaled Ultra Fine Carbon Particles on the Progress of Inflammatory and Cardiovascular Diseases
Ettehadieh e.a., GSF, Germany.

Biological Response of Human Alveolar Epithelial Cells to Ultra Fine Zinc Oxide Particles at the Air-Liquid Interface
Maier e.a., GSF, Germany.

Comparison of the In Vitro Biological Effects of Paris Background Fine and Ultra Fine Particles
Ramgolam e.a., Université Paris, France.

An Exposure System for Biological Characterization of Ultra Fine Particles from Waste Incineration
Paur e.a., FZK, Germany.

Atmospheric Transformation and Effects of PM

Numerical CFD Modeling of the Formation of an Aerosol Distribution Close to a Traffic Linked Source
Albriet/Sartelet, CEREA, France.

Influence of Mixing Layer Height upon Near-Surface Particle Concentration
Schäfer e.a., FZK, Germany.

Chemical Composition of Surface Layer of PM1
Kleijnowski e.a., Polish Academy of Science, Poland.

Studying the Aerosol-Radiation-Interaction with LM-ART
Vogel e.a., FZK, Germany.

CEEES is a confederation of the environmental engineering societies of

the United Kingdom (SEE),
France (ASTE),
Germany (GUS),
Sweden (SEES),
Switzerland (SSEE),
Finland (KOTEL),
Belgium (BSMEE),
the Netherlands (PLOT),
Italy (AITPA),
Czech Republic (NACEI)
Austria (ÖGUS)
Portugal (SOPSAR)