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CEEES Publication No. 8: Natural and Artificial Ageing of Polymers 3rd European Weathering Symposium, ISBN No. 978-3-9810472-3-3


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This book was compiled from papers given at the 3rd European Weathering Symposium held in Krakow in September 2007. The hard backed book was published by GUS in 2007 and comprises 520 pages and includes a CD-Rom.

CONTENT

Polymer Weathering

Effects Of Moisture, Location, And Angle On Automotive Paint System Appearance During Natural Weathering.
H. K. Hardcastle, Atlas MTT LLC, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

Study Of The Influence Of The Ageing Conditions In The Durability Of PVC Formulations Used In Outdoor Applications.
L. E. Pimental Real, Laboratorio Nacional de Engenharia Civil, Lisboa, PT.

New Aspects Of PVC Weathering.
S. Kuberski, J. Rogowski, A. Jedraszek-Bomba, Technical University of Lodz, PL.

Effect Of UV-Irradiation On Biodegradable Composites Of Poly(Ethylene Oxide) And Pectin.
H. Kaczmarek, P. Galka, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, PL K. Bajer, Institute for Plastic Processing ,Metalchem, Torun, PL.

Ageing Of Polyoxymethylene/Montmorillo-Nite Engineering Nanocomposites.
K. Pielichowski, A. Leszczynska, Cracow University of Technology, PL S. Kuberski, Technical University of Lodz, PL.

Weathering Of Model Polyester Coatings.
P. Malanowski, R. A. T. M. van Benthem, J. Laven, G. De With, L. G. J. van der Ven, Eindhoven University of Technology, NL.

Stabilization And Mechanisms

Mechanism Of Poly[Methyl(Phenyl)Silylene] Degradation.
P. Horak, 1. Kuritka, P. Schauer, Institute of Scientific Instruments, Brno, CZ.

Natural And Artificial Photo-Ageing Of A Pigmented, Hals-Stabilized Propylene-Ethylene Copolymer.
O. Haillant, ATLAS MTT, Linsengericht-Altenhasslau, D.

Effect Of Atmospheric Impurities On Polymer Weathering Mechanism And Longevity.
J. Pospisil, S. Nespurek, Z. Krulis, J. Pilar, Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Prague, CZ.

On The Stabilizing Effect Of Sterically Hindered Amines And Nitroxide Radicals In Thermal And Photooxidation Of Polypropylene.
L. Matisova-Rychia, J. Rychly, M. Danko, S. Chmela, P. Hrdlovic, Polymer institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, SK.

Weathering Behaviour And Stabilization Of Transparent Polymeric Applications.
M. C. Grob, Ciba Speciality Chemicals, Basel, CH.

On The Mechnisms Of H20 Sorption And Diffusion Into Glassy Polymers With Different Interacting Capability.
G. Mensitieri, University Federico 11, Naples, I P. Musto, Institute of Chemistry and Technology of Polymers, Pozzuoli, I M. Lavorgna, Institute of Composite and Biomedical Materials, Portici, I.

Surface And Bulk Effects

Scission And Crosslinking Rates During Photooxidation Of Thick-Sectioned Polyolefins: Depth Profiles For Different Exposures.
A. V. Shyichuk, University of Technology and Life Sciences, Bydgoszcz, PL J. R. White, School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, University Newcastle, UK.

Application Of Nanoindentation To Study Ageing Of Rubber.
D. Bielinski, Institute of Polymer & Dye Technology, Technical University of Lodz and Rubber Research Institute "STOMiL", Piastow, PL J. Kleczewska, Rubber Research Institute "STOMIL", Piastow, PL.

Use Of Dynamic C02 Monitoring To Study The Early Stages Of Photo-Oxidation.
S. Fernando, P. A. Christensen, T. A. Egerton, J. R. White, School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, Newcastle University, UK.

Investigation Of Surface Temperatures.
M. Heck, M. Kbhi, D. Philipp, J. Schlieper, K.-A. Weig, Fraunhofer ISE, Freiburg, D.

Correlation Field/Laboratory

Hardware And Software For Weathering Simulation Of Polymeric Used Outdoors.
T. Tomiita, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, JAP Y. Kishima, Daipla Wintes Co. Ltd., Saitama, JAP.

Linking Field And Laboratory Exposure Results Via Mathematical Models.
J. W. Martin, T. Nguyen, X. Gu, J. Chin, W. Byrd, National institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, USA.

Outdoor weathering versus accelerated tests are correlations possible?
J. Pietschmann, FEM, Schw5bisch Gm5nd, D M. Crewdson, Q-Lab, Homestead, Florida, USA G. Pausch, Pausch Messtechnik, Haan, D.

The Principle Of Reciprocity And Its Limits.
P. Trubiroha, Berlin, D A. Geburtig, V. Wachtendorf, BAM, Berlin, D.

Xenon Arc Automotive Test Methods: A Correlation Study.
D. Vesey, R. Luxgrant, DaimierChrysler, Auburn Hills, Michigan, USA L. Pattison, BASF Corporation, Southfield, Michigan, USA R. Roberts, J. Quill, Q-Lab Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Practical Weathering In View Of The Principle Of Reciprocity.
W. Rauth, S. Nowak, Bayer MaterialScience AG, Leverkusen, D.

Selective Effects Of Testing Parameters On Various Climatic And Weathering Tests.
E. Pohle, L. Kranner, ofi-Austrian Research Institute for Chemistry and Technology, Vienna, A.

Poster Presentation

A New Accelerated Test For The Evaluation Of The Protective Properties Of Coatings.
M. Wanner, T. Schauer, Research Institute for Pigments and Coatings, Suttgart, D.

Influence Of Irradiance In UV Weathering Tests For Prepainted Steel.
J. MaIllegol, Arcelor Research Industry Liege, Liege, B M. Poelman, Materia Nova ASBL, Mons, B M.-G. Olivier, Faculte Polytechnique de Mons, Mons, B.

The Comparison Of Photodegradation Of Natural Polymers By Solar And Artificial UV Radiation.
A. Sionkowska, H. Kaczmarek, M. Wisniewski, J. Skopinska, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, PL S. Manas, C. Rihter, Plataforma Solar de Almeria-CIEMAT, Tabernas, Almeria, E.

Photosensitized Oxygenation In Weathered Polymers: Mechanisms And Impact On Polymer Service Life.
J. Pospisil, S. Nespurek, J. Pilar, Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, CZ.

Effects Of Natural And Accelerated Artificial Aging On Durability Of Cold-Curing Epoxy Resins.
M. Lettieri, Inst. of Archaeological Heritage - Monuments and Sites, CNR-IBAM, Lecce, I M. Frigione, Dept. of Innovation Engineering, University of Salento, Lecce, I.

The Service Time Prediction Of Hardwood Paper From Non-Isothermal Chemiluminescence Measurements And Estimation Of Paper Properties By Other Standard Tests.
Z. Szaboova, J. Hanus, J. Minarikova, Slovak National Archives, Bratislava, SK J. Rychly, L. Matisova-Rychia, Polymer Institute, Slovak Academy of Science, Bratislava, SK.

Improved Evaluation Of Activation Spectra Determined By The Filter Technique.
A. Geburtig, V. Wachtendorf, BAM, Berlin, D P. Trubiroha, Berlin, D.

Thermal Stability Of Carbonyl Iron Filled Elastomers.
I. Kuritka, M. A. Abshinova, J. Vilcakova, P. Saha, Tomas Bata University, Zlin, CZ N. E. Kazantseva, Tomas Bata University, Zlin, CZ and Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, RUS.

Artificial Weathering Of Wooden Surfaces Evaluated By Colour Measurement And Near Infrared Spectroscopy.
T. Schnabel, H. B5chle, B. Zimmer, University of Applied Sciences, Salzburg, A.

Comparison Of The Tolerances For The Spectral Power Distribution Given By Technical Standards For Artificial Weathering To The Measurement Uncertainties Of Typical Spectroradiometers In Use Determined By An International Round Robin Test.
J. Hussong, A. Schbniein et.al., ATLAS MTT Linsengericht-Altenhasslau, D.

Degradation Of Polyurethane/poss Nanocomposites.
B. Janowski, K. Pielichowski, Department of Chemistry and Technology of Polymers, Cracow University of Technology, Krakow, PL.

Polymer Films In Photovoltaic Modules: Analysis And Modelling Of Permeation Processes.
O. Angeles, M. Kbhl, D. Philipp, K.-A. Weiss, Fraunhofer ISE, Freiburg, D.

Degradation Of Poly(Ethylene Oxide)/Poly(Aspartic Acid) Biomedical Systems.
I. Stachurek, K. Pielichowski, Cracow University of Technology, PL.

Analyzing Mechanical Stresses Caused By Temperature Gradients Using Finite Elements Simulation.
K.-A. Weill, M. Heck, M. Kbhl, Fraunhofer ISE, Freiburg, D.

UV Degradation Of Polyurethane
V. Rek, Faculty of Chemical Engineering and Technology, University of Zagreb, HR.

Report On The Ageing Behaviour Of Elastomeric Building Sealants Exposed To Dynamic Natural And Artificial Weathering After 10 Years Exposure.
H. Bolte, T. Bbttger, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, D.

Simple Method For The Evaluation Of Heat Resistant Properties Of Elastomers.
M. lto, Waseda University, Tokyo, JAP S. Inayoshi, K. Moriyama, 1baraki University, lbaraki, JAP.

Ageing Behaviour Of Some Electrical Insulating Polymeric Materials And Systems Under Action Of The Environmental Stress Factors.
S. Cotescu, E.A. Stere, SC ICPE SA, Bucuresti, RO L. Avadanei, B. Tereza, SC ICEFS SA, Savinesti, RO.

Mechanism Of Poly[Methyl(Phenyl)Silylene] E-Beam Degradation.
P. Horak, P. Schauer, Institute of Scientific Instruments, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Brno, CZ 1. Kuritka, F. Schauer, P. Saha, Polymer Centre, Faculty of Technology, Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Zlin, CZ.

Quantification Of Material Exposure To Ultraviolet Radiation.
A. Heikkila, A. Tanskanen, A. Lindfors, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, FIN P. K;jrha, Helsinki University of Technology, TKK, FIN S. Syrjala, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, FIN.

Effect Of Phase And Relaxation Transitions On The Conductivity Of Polymer Composites.
M. Kutsia, J. Aneli, R.Dvaii Institute of Machine Mechanics, Tbilisi, GE.

A High Throughput System For Accelerated Weathering And Automated Characterization Of Polymeric Materials.
J. Chin, E. Byrd, B. Dickens, R. Clemenzi, R. Hettenhouser, A. Ellison, J. Garver, D. Stanley, V. Colomb, J. Martin, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, USA.

Artificial Weathering Including Acidic Deposition.
A. Geburtig, V. Wachtendorf, BAM, Berlin, D P. Trubiroha, U. Schuiz, Berlin, D.

Characterization Of Test Dust For Environmental Applications.
U. Teipel, H. Winter, FH Nurnberg, D J. Casar, Fraunhofer ICT, Pfinztal, D.

Gas Chromatography Technique In The Biodegradation Study Of Polyethylene Films With Prooxidant Additives.
M. Koutny, A. Cervenkova, P. Drimal, Tomas Bata University, Zlin, CZ A.-M. Delort, J. Le.


CEEES is a confederation of the environmental engineering societies of

the United Kingdom (SEE),
France (ASTE),
Germany (GUS),
Sweden (SEES),
Switzerland (SSEE),
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the Netherlands (PLOT),
Italy (AITPA),
Czech Republic (NACEI)
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&
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